And some say it could encourage people to work less.
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UBI is a concept that originated at least years ago. But over the past few years it has become a fashionable policy idea, with many countries exploring pilot studies. One reason for the increased interest is the fear that automation might displace large numbers of people from employment — essentially robots taking our jobs.
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There have been several other trials of the idea, but none were definitive. Take for example the Mincome experiment, in which the 10, citizens of Dauphin in Manitoba, Canada, were guaranteed a basic level of financial security in Recent analysis of public records from the time showed that it was only young men and young women who spent less time in work during the trial, and this because they were either in college or looking after babies. Yet there was no control group.
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There is still more to find out about UBI that has not been revealed in experiments as yet. By Joshua Howgego People sitting in the sun on the stone steps outside the cathedral in Helsinki, Finland. Read more: What happens if we pay everyone just to live? Trending Latest Video Free. Humans across cultures may share the same universal musical grammar Huge Earth-like worlds could host reservoirs of water deep underground Genetic screening of IVF embryos is unlikely to lead to smarter babies CERN boss: Big physics may be in a funk, but we need it more than ever Suspended animation for emergency medicine: your questions answered.
The second was a corporate job in the biggest neighboring city. Each year, across North America, millions of graduates are faced with similar decisions about trade-offs between time and money as they plan their next steps. We asked more than 1, college students from the and classes of the University of British Columbia in Vancouver whether they generally prioritized time or money more. We then followed up with them within two years of graduation and asked them to report their current happiness, the primary activity that was taking up most of their time for example, school or work , and the reason they were doing this activity.
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What we found was that students who prioritized time were happier than those who prioritized money. Even when we accounted for how happy students were when they started our study, those who valued time were happier and more satisfied with their lives and careers one to two years after graduation.
Our results provide strong evidence that valuing time puts people on a trajectory toward job satisfaction and well-being. After graduation, students who valued time over money made career decisions for different reasons.
Rather, they got more enjoyment out of the work they did. This is consistent with our data showing that people who prioritize time do not work less many clock to hour workweeks , or even make less money; they are happier because they are more likely to pursue activities they find enjoyable.
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In our study, students who valued time were more likely to focus on the gratification factor of their future careers — they wanted jobs that were personally meaningful and fulfilling — which helps to explain why they reported greater happiness later. Students who valued time also chose different careers. Time-focused students were more likely to attend graduate school, whereas money-focused students were more likely to work full-time or pursue business degrees. But in our data, why people pursued their careers after graduation mattered more for happiness than what they actually chose to do.
It could be that students who valued time over money had richer parents or were less materialistic. To test these ideas, we asked students how wealthy their parents were and how much they valued owning nice stuff. Feelings of financial security are critical to how people make major life decisions about having more time or more money. Feelings of financial insecurity are caused by many factors — like income inequality.
People who live in more unequal areas feel less financially secure and are more likely to value money.
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People who grew up in households that fought about money also are more likely to focus on money versus time as adults, even if they have a lot of money in the present. These factors help to explain why some people choose money over time, even at the expense of their happiness. Of course, debt also plays a role. People with objective financial constraints — like college students graduating with high levels of debt — are more likely to focus on having more money versus time.
An old idea
Our study was conducted in Canada, where students graduate with a lot less debt than students in the United States. These results might not generalize to places where the debt load is higher. Figuring out how to encourage more people to prioritize their time has never been more important.
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